Banteay Srie Temple
Banteay Srei or Banteay Srey is a 10th-century Cambodian temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. Located in the area of Angkor in Cambodia. It lies near the hill of Phnom Dei, 25 km (16 mi) north-east of the main group of temples that once belonged to the medieval capitals of Yasodharapura and Angkor Thom. Banteay Srei is built largely of red sandstone, a medium that lends itself to the elaborate decorative wall carvings which are still observable today. The buildings themselves are miniature in scale, unusually so when measured by the standards of Angkorian construction. These factors have made the temple extremely popular with tourists, and have led to its being widely praised as a "precious gem", or the "jewel of Khmer art.
Consecrated on 22 April 967 A.D., Banteay Srei was the only major temple at Angkor not built by a monarch; its construction is credited to the courtiers named Vishnukumara and Yajnavaraha, who served as a counsellor to king Rajendravarman II .The foundational stela says that Yajnavaraha, grandson of king Harsavarman was a scholar and philanthropist who helped those who suffered from illness, injustice, or poverty . His pupil was the future king Jayavarman. Originally, the temple was surrounded by a town called Īśvarapura.
"Banteay Srei" (Citadel of Women) is the modern name of a 10th-century Khmer temple originally called "Tribhuvanamaheśvara" (Great Lord of the Threefold World), an appellation of the god Siva.
Yajñavarāha's temple was primarily dedicated to the Hindu god Śiva. Originally, it was carried the name Tribhuvanamaheśvara-great lord of the threefold world-in reference to the Shaivite linga that served as its central religious image.